Publications and References

The Medical Aspects of Noise Induced Otologic Damage in Musicians

Studies show that musicians routinely face sound pressure levels (SPLs) in potentially hazardous ranges, extending up to 120-130 dBA only 3 feet from the speaker in amplified rock/pop bands, 83-112 dBA on stage in various orchestras, and 80-101 dBA on stage in jazz, blues, and country and western bands.

author

Kenneth Einhorn, MD.